Modern Languages

Student Learning Outcomes

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Student Learning Outcomes - Spanish Program


Minors:  Upon completion of the minors, students will be able to: 

  • Communicate orally and in writing with a variety of audiences, concerning varied topics, and for multiple purposes.
  • Control grammar and vocabulary necessary for oral and written communication, including simple published or publicly presented materials for a native-speaking audience.
  • Demonstrate comprehension of culturally authentic materials in the modern language.
  • Understand basic cultural behaviors and communication patterns used by native speakers, especially as such practices contrast with those of the student’s home culture.
  • Begin to appreciate the arts associated with the cultures of countries and U.S. communities where the language is spoken.
  • Use the language in complex situations requiring explanation, argumentation, conflict mediation, and abstract discussion of current issues.
  • Use a collaborative approach to writing and oral communication, moving from interpersonal conversation, to small group discussion, to presentational styles.
  • Conduct research and examine perspectives for use in speaking and writing.


Spanish Major:  In addition to the outcomes for the minors, upon completion of the major in Spanish, students will be able to:

  • Write academic essays using correct grammar, including verb tense, aspect, and mood.
  • Observe standard usage of writing mechanics: punctuation, accentuation, and spelling.
  • Acquire vocabulary adequate to participate in specialized sub-disciplines (literature, culture, linguistics).
  • Be familiar with the geography, history, and civilization of Spain and Latin America.
  • Be able to identify major painters and their most important paintings, as well as sites that are architecturally, archeologically, or historically important.
  • Be familiar with the works of significant Spanish/Latin American authors.
  • Understand the systemic nature of the components of the Spanish language: sound system, syntax, and semantics.
  • Be familiar with the general principles of language acquisition and processing, and of linguistic change as reflected in the example of Spanish.
  • Read journal articles pertaining to Spanish linguistics with understanding.
  • Improve pronunciation and oral communication skills to achieve a professional level (ACTFL Level 3).
  • Know the literary movements affecting Spain and Latin America.
  • Understand Spanish/Spanish-American social justice issues.


Candidates for Teaching Certification (an option for the major) should also be able to:

  • Demonstrate detailed knowledge of language acquisition theory and problem areas of the Spanish language for both native-speaking and non-native-speaking learners, K-12.
  • Demonstrate competence in the preparation and use of Spanish-language teaching materials.


Core outcomes represented above:

  • Effective Communication:  to write and speak clearly and persuasively and to convey meaning effectively in non-verbal contexts.  
  • Global and Historical Consciousness:  to understand and be sensitive to the ways humans have been influenced by cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions, by economic forces, and by environmental opportunities and limitations.  
  • Aesthetic Engagement:  to realize the significant role that aesthetic experience and the visual/performing arts play in shaping meaningful lives.
  • Social Justice:  to use ethical decision-making skills to evaluate the consequences of personal behavior as well as the policies and practices of groups and systems.
  • Critical and Creative Thinking:  to analyze information logically and to utilize and transform knowledge in fair-minded, purposeful, and imaginative ways. 
  • Research:  to synthesize the gathering, evaluating, and interpreting of data in a study or creative work that can be shared with a community of scholars.